The Assembly Guide is designed to give you a basic understanding of how to put together a card-stock model. A more in depth guide is in the works which will contain diagrams and photos of assembly methods


Whitewash City models are designed to print well in full color, grayscale and black line. To print in grayscale, print the color pages in black ink/toner. The color pallet was carefully selected so the resulting model will print well in grayscale. Just choose the option that best suits your needs. If you want to save on color ink, you may choose to print the model out in grayscale. Some prefer printing the models in black line art and then hand color the model parts before assembling them.

1) Printing PDF Files
Whitewash City are designed to fit on both North American paper size (8.5in x 11in) and onto the European Paper size (A4) without having to resize to fit. Print at 100% size without using the "Fit to Page" option.

2) Cutting and Gluing
Whitewash City models are designed for speed of construction: almost all cuts are straight line cuts. Simply glue all the tabs to their corresponding sides or into their corresponding slots, and your model will be complete in a very short space of time. Use a white glue for your construction -- white glue is a paper glue and usually bonds within a minute to allow you to move onto the next part, and it dries clear; white glue will also strengthen your model. To apply white glue to a surface you can use a tooth pick to aid in the even spreading of the glue, or use a paint brush -- you do not need a lot of glue to obtain a good bond. You can apply more glue later to reinforce the bond if desired.

3) Folding and Scoring Card-Stock
Scoring the fold edges will result in crisper edges, which is desirable with building models. When scoring, you can try to score on the opposite side that you plan to fold the card. You may find that this will result in unsightly white lines/edges (the color of the card-stock beneath the ink print). You can try to pre-score the card-stock using a blunt knife so you create a crease rather than a cut. Try to use a knife that does not cause tears; make sure the knife has a rounded, smooth edge. Cutting the card-stock can reduce the strength of the model since you are partly cutting the card, although white glue, up to a point, can be used to fix scoring cuts that are too deep. Using a blunt scoring method can yield a crisp fold so your final models will look better once complete.

4) Laser vs Ink Copies
Whitewash City models turn out very well when printed out onto card-stock, however, if you're looking to make enough models for an entire town, it may take too much time and too much ink to printout enough. The easy solution is to printout one copy onto high quality paper and then get Laser copies made of this printout. Laser copies are resistant to water, unlike most color printer inks, which use water soluble inks. Color laser copies are fairly cheap and usually give good color reproduction. Try spray gluing the laser printout onto the card-stock, which will strengthen the final model (see section 5).

5) Spray Gluing onto Card-Stock
The advantage to spray gluing a printout onto card-stock is that it will greatly strengthens your final models. Use 3M spray glue (Photomount or Super77), or another brand of spray glue (Elmer's makes a spray glue which is about a third of cost of 3M spray glue and is available from Staples office supply stores) to adhere the printout onto card-stock before assembling. Then just assemble the model as usual.

6) Repairing the Look of Badly Scored Corners
If you do not like the white edges that may result from scoring, you can touch them up with paint. You can use simple watercolor paints, first mixing the desired color so it matches color printout, and then applying it sparsely (don't soak the model -- remember: its made of paper and therefore can warp!) or you can use oil/acrylic based model paints. You can even try coloring the scored area using a soft pencil or pastel crayon.



Suggested Equipment Needed to Make Card-Stock Models
Most equipment to make card-stock models is cheap and easy to obtain from almost any hardware store or craft store and can even be obtained from a typical grocery store too. The below list is virtually all that you will need to assemble any Paper Places tm (Hotz Stuff tm) model:

a) Steel Ruler - don't use a plastic or wood ruler; your sharp knife will ruin them and they won't give a straight cut line.
b) Sharp Knife - a light, utility knife is a good choice; make sure its sharp and easy to use.
c) Good Card-Stock - see note below/see section 5 above
d) Good Cutting Board/Pad - so you can get good clean cut lines -- very important!
e) Good Paper Glue - white paper glue is probably the best choice; cheap and easy to use.
f) Spray Glue - several makes available; can be messy so only use it out doors; see section 5 above
h) Dull Knife For Scoring - try a butter knife (ask mom/girlfirend/wife first) or a knife lacking a sharp edge or teeth; see section 3 above
i) Good Pair Of Small Scissors - a knife is better to use, but scissors are still a useful tool; make sure they are comfortable for you to use.
j) Water Colors/Soft Pencil or Pastel Crayon - see section 6 above
k) Paint Brush or Tooth Picks (both optional) - see section 2 above


*NOTE: You can get standard card-stock in packs of 250 (8.5 x 11) from either Office Depot or Staples that is 110lb (199g/M2), which is very nice for making card-stock models. The manufacturer is listed as Georgia Pacific (may be a Canadian company). This is an acid free card that is probably too thick for running through an ink/laser printer, but works great if you spray mount laser/ink printouts onto it. Highly recommended!


      If you have any questions, or concerns, please contact: Eric Hotz